What are cookies?

Cookies are small text files that are placed on your computer by websites that you visit. They are widely used in order to make websites work, or work more efficiently, as well as to provide information to the owners of the site.

This page explains the cookies we use and why.

Why we use cookies

We use cookies to optimize your experience on our website and gather anonymous information and statistics about how our website is used. For example, we collect information such as number of visitors and pageviews, and which pages uses land on and exit from, to determine what content is of most interest and if users are able to find content easily. We may also use online identification technologies from third party sites, to help us measure the performance of our marketing campaigns.

Information about the cookies used on our website are shown below. By using this website you consent to the use of these cookies.

How to manage coookies

You can manage cookies through your browser. Please note that removing or blocking cookies may affect website functionality and experience.

Most browsers allow you to manage cookies for a website. Please note that if you delete all cookies then any preferences will be lost, including the ability to opt-out of cookies as this function requires placement of an opt-out cookie on your device. Further information on how to control cookies for common browsers is available via the following links:

For information on other browsers and device types, visit https://www.aboutcookies.org.uk/managing-cookies

Our cookies

The tables below contain details of the cookies used on our website.

‘Session’ cookies remain in your browser for the duration of your browsing session only (i.e. until you leave our website). All other cookies (known as ‘persistent’ cookies) remain in your browser for a set duration after your browsing session ends (unless you delete them).

Google Analytics

We use Google Analytics on our website to collect anonymous browsing data. To learn more about Google’s privacy policy and how to opt-out of analytics cookies, visit: https://www.google.com/analytics/learn/privacy.html

These cookies are used by Google to display personalized advertisements on Google sites, based on recent searches and previous interactions. HSID, SSID, APISID and SAPISID cookies enable Google to collect user information for videos hosted by YouTube.2 years
Builds a profile of website visitor interests to show relevant and personalized ads through retargeting.2 years
NIDStores visitors’ preferences and personalizes ads on Google websites based on recent searches and interactions.6 months
1P_JARThis cookie carries out information about how the end user uses the website and any advertising that the end user may have seen before visiting the said website.1 month
CONSENTStores visitors’ preferences and personalizes ads. This cookie is used to track consent to cookie use.Persistent
DVGoogle advertising cookie used for user tracking and ad targeting purposes1 day
OGPCUsed to store Google Maps preferences1 month
OTZLinks activities of website visitors to other devices that are previously logged in via the Google account. In this way, advertisements are tailored to different devices.1 month
SSets a unique ID for the session. This allows the website to obtain data on visitor behaviour for statistical purposes.Session
SEARCH_SAMESITEThis cookie is used to prevent the browser from sending this cookie along with cross-site requests.6 months
Security cookie to confirm visitor authenticity, prevent fraudulent use of login data and protect visitor data from unauthorized access.2 years
1 year
SSIDThis cookie carries out information about how the end user uses the website and any advertising that the end user may have seen before visiting the said website.2 years
__Secure-3PSIDCCUsed by for targeting purposes to build a profile of the website visitor’s interests in order to show relevant & personalised Google advertising1 year


We partner with LinkedIn to run advertising campaigns. The cookies set by LinkedIn, as shown below, help us to measure the performance of and improve those advertising campaigns.

UserMatchHistoryLinkedIn Ads ID syncing30 days
VistTo determine whether to take a non-authenticated user to the registration page or the login page1 year
AnalyticsSyncHistoryUsed to store information about the time a sync with the lms_analytics cookie took place for users in the Designated Countries30 days
BcookieBrowser Identifier cookie to uniquely identify devices accessing LinkedIn to detect abuse on the platform2 years
G_ENABLED_IDPSUsed by Google Single Sign On.2 years
LangUsed to remember a user’s language setting to ensure LinkedIn.com displays in the language selected by the user in their settings.Session
LidcTo facilitate data center selection24 hours
BscookieUsed for remembering that a logged in user is verified by two factor authentication.2 years
li_alertsUsed to track impressions of LinkedIn alerts, such as the Cookie Banner and to implement cool off periods for display of alerts1 year
li_gcUsed to store consent of guests regarding the use of cookies for non-essential purposes2 years
li_mcUsed as a temporary cache to avoid database lookups for a member’s consent for use of non-essential cookies and used for having consent information on the client side to enforce consent on the client side2 years
lms_adsUsed to identify LinkedIn Members off LinkedIn in the Designated Countries for advertising30 days
lms_analyticsUsed to identify LinkedIn Members in the Designated Countries for analytics30 days
AMCV_14215E3D5995C57C0A495C55%40AdobeOrgUnique Identifier for Adobe Experience Cloud180 days
AMCVS_14215E3D5995C57C0A495C55%40AdobeOrgIndicates the start of a session for Adobe Experience CloudSession